Computing Machinery and Intelligence (article on "Turing Test")

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Turing, A[lan]. M. "Computing Machinery and Intelligence." Mind #236, 59 (1950), on line as of September 2021 here;[1] excerpted in The Mind's I, q.v.[2]

See this article by "the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence"[3] for what is now called "The Turing Test" for AI, or machine intelligence: "The Imitation Game" AMT thought up, wherein a machine tries to convince a human being that it is a woman.

Contextualized and discussed insightfully in chapter 9 of Jessica Riskin's The Restless Clock: A History of the Centuries-Long Argument over What Makes Living Things Tick. See also Darwin Among the Machines: The Evolution of Global Intelligence, most especially ch. 4.

RDE, addition, 28May21; 5Sep21, 5Feb22