Chinese Science Fiction: A Genre of Adversity
Starts with the inference, assumption, or conclusion that Chinese SF scholars will agree that SF in China goes back (only) to 1989 and "that the science fiction genre is originally a Western genre, in that “Science, technology, and modernization are not characteristic of Chinese culture” ([Song] Han [SFS, 40.1 (March 2013): 20).
Joseph Needham et al. disagree on the lack of science and cutting-edge technology in Chinese history: Science and Civilisation in China (Cambridge, UK: CUP, 1954–present), and Frederike Schneider-Vielsäcker gives an older range of dates. In any event, Yen Ooi notes that
since most Chinese science fiction writers and scholars agree with the fact that science fiction, at least, is a Western genre, it can be argued that Chinese science fiction, in struggling with techno-Orientalist developments in the (Western) science fiction genre, begins to develop techno-Occidentalist tendencies to compensate. In this scenario techno-Occidentalism becomes Chinese science fiction’s strategy to decolonise its use of the Western genre and concepts. While techno-Orientalism “serve to both express and assuage Western anxieties about Asia’s growing cultural influence and economic dominance” (Roh et al. Summary), techno-Occidentalism is Asia’s response to these anxieties through demonstrating a rich diversity in its membership.
Where, "Techno-Orientalism investigates the phenomenon of imagining Asia and Asians in hypo- or hyper-technological terms in literary, cinematic, and new media representations, while critically examining the stereotype of Asians as both technologically advanced and intellectually primitive [...]." And Rob et al. is
Roh, David S., Huang, Betsy, and Niu, Greta A. Techno-Orientalism: Imagining Asia in Speculative Fiction, History, and Media. Rutgers University Press, 2015.
RDE, finishing, 27Oct21