Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines
McCarthy, John. "Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines." Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence. Martin Ringle, ed. New York: Humanities P, 1979.
Cited by D. Hofstadter in the Bibliography to Gödel, Escher, Bach, q.v., this Category. Hofstadter lists "beliefs, desires, intentions, consciousness . . . free will"—the AI basics—for the "mental qualities" refered to in JM's title.